Allergy Cold

Cold or allergy in medical terms is called cold urticaria is a reaction of the skin against the cold that caused the appearance of stripes that feels itchy and the skin becomes reddish colored.

The severity of allergy symptoms cold that appearing on each person is different. Some people are able to lose consciousness, experienced very low blood pressure, and even that the fallout could cause death.
The age of adolescence is the age most often affected by cold allergy, but will usually disappear completely within the next few years.

Allergy Symptoms Cold (Cold Urticaria)

Cold allergy symptoms usually appear when the skin is exposed to cold water or cold weather (below 4 degrees Celsius). Winter allergies were also more at risk of appearing in the windy and humid conditions. The following are some cold allergy symptoms that can occur.

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  • The hand feels swollen when holding cold objects.
  • The stripes appear itch on the skin areas that are exposed to the cold.
  • The lips and throat feel swollen when consuming food or drinks cool.
  • Reddish-colored skin.
Allergic reactions are typically most severe at the time of the whole body exposed by cold temperatures, such as when swimming in cold water. Reaction evoked can potentially endanger lives, such as swelling of the throat and tongue, making it difficult to breathe, blood pressure dropped dramatically, heart palpitations, fainting, and swollen arms and legs.

In General, winter allergies will disappear by themselves after a few weeks or months, but there are also last longer. If the throat or tongue feels swollen, feel dizzy, and difficulty breathing immediately encountered the doctor.

Causes Allergic Cold (Cold Urticaria)

An allergic reaction occurs when the winter release of histamine and other chemicals into the bloodstream that is triggered by the cold weather. Some things thought to be chilled allergens, including genetic factors have skin cells too sensitive, a virus or certain diseases. But the exact cause of why the body reacts that way against the cold is not yet known.

There are several factors that can increase the risk of developing an allergic cold, i.e.:
  • Children and teenagers. This age most often exposed to cold and allergy usually gets better by itself in a few years.
  • Disease-specific basis. There are several health disorders or diseases, such as cancer or hepatitis which increases the risk of developing allergies.
  • The infection. Those recently exposed to infections such as pneumonia or pneumonia is more at risk of experiencing an allergic cold.
  • Genetics. There are children who inherit the disease from their parents, but this is very rare.

Diagnosis Of Allergic Cold (Cold Urticaria)

To diagnose an allergy cold is very easy, simply put the ice cube on the skin for five minutes. If after a while after moving the ice cubes appear red bumps, then you suffer from allergies.

In some cases where the cold urticaria is caused by another disease is suspected, the doctor will probably recommend an additional inspection in the form of a blood test or other supporting tests.

Cold-Allergy Treatments (Cold Urticaria)

There are no drugs that can cure the allergy cold. Treatment is given to reduce the symptoms of the disease and prevent the symptoms don't often show up later in the day. Treatment is usually given by the doctor is to remedy the antihistamines. However, the use of antihistamines with regular doses of note are not effective, so more help is non-sedative antihistamine medicine with high doses.

The usual medications given are:
  • Omalizumab. This drug usually used to treat asthma, but it can also cure some sufferers of cold urticaria.
  • Antihistamines (such as fexofenadine and desloratadine). These drugs inhibit substance histamine in the body that produce allergy symptoms.
  • Cyproheptadine drug antihistamine, which works by inhibiting a nerve reaction leading to the allergy symptoms.
  • Doxepin. The drug is commonly used to overcome anxiety and depression and is known to relieve allergy symptoms.

Prevention Of Allergic Cold (Cold Urticaria)

Cold-Allergy prevention can be done with something like below.
  • Avoid consuming cold foods and beverages to prevent swollen throat.
  • Consumption of medication as prescribed by a doctor.
  • Notify the physician or medical officer if you are going to have surgery to prevent cold allergy symptoms in the operating room.
  • Before exposure to the cold weather, it is advisable to consume the antihistamines.
  • Protect your skin from the temperature plummeted or cold weather.
  • Take a shot of adrenaline to anywhere you go to anticipate if the reaction of anaphylaxis occurs.

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